Mutiara Nata Abadi  |  We work together, uniting our energy, and delivering the best solution
WP 950 Deformation of Straight Beams
Education / GUNT Hamburg / Engineering Mechanics and Machine Elements / Strength of Materials /

Beams are key structural elements in mechanical engineering and in construction. A beam is a bar-shaped component in which the dimensions of the cross-section are much smaller than the length and which is subjected to load along and perpendicular to its longitudinal axis. The load perpendicular to the longitudinal axis causes a deformation of the beam - that is, bending. Based on its size, the beam is viewed as a one-dimensional model.

  The science of the strength of materials deals with stress and strain resulting from the application of load to a component. Many fundamental principles of the strength of materials can be illustrated well by a straight beam.

  The beam under investigation in WP 950 can be supported in different ways. This produces statically determinate and indeterminate systems which are placed under load by up to four sets of weights. The load application points are movable. Three dial gauges record the resulting deformation. Three articulated supports with integral force gauges indicate the support reactions directly. The articulated supports are height-adjustable, so as to compensate for the influence of the dead- weight of the beam under investigation. A fourth bearing clamps the beam in place.

  Five beams of different thicknesses and made of different materials demonstrate the influence of the geometry and of the modulus of elasticity on the deformation of the beam under load.

  The various elements of the experiment are clearly laid-out and housed securely in a storage system. The complete experiment setup is arranged in the frame.

  The well-structured instructional material sets out the fundamentals and provides a step-by-step guide through the experiments.  

Learning Objectives / Experiments

- Investigation of the deflection for statically

  determinate and statically indeterminate straight

  * cantilever beam
  * single-span beam, dual- or triple-span beam  
  * formulation of the differential equation for the 
     elastic line 
- Deflection on a cantilever beam
  * measurement of deflection at the force application 
- Deflection of a dual-span beam on three supports
  * measurement of the support reactions
  * measurement of the deformations
- Influence of the material (modulus of elasticity) and 
  the beam cross-section (geometry) on the elastic
- Maxwell-Betti coefficients and law
- Application of the principle of virtual work on 
  statically determinate and indeterminate beams
- Determination of lines of influence 
  * arithmetically
  * qualitatively by way of force method 


[1] Elastic lines of statically determinate and indeterminate beams under various clamping conditions 
[2] 3 steel beams with different cross-sections 
[3] 1 brass and 1 aluminium beam
[4] 3 articulated, height-adjustable supports with force gauge
[5] 1 support with clamp fixing
[6] Force gauges can be zeroed 
[7] 3 dial gauges to record deformations
[8] 4 sets of weights with adjustable hooks
[9] Anodised aluminium section frame housing the experiment
[10] Storage system to house the components


Technical Data
- length: 1000mm
- cross-sections
   3x20mm (steel)
   4x20mm (steel)
   6x20mm (steel, brass, aluminium)
Frame opening: 1320x480mm
Measuring ranges
- force: -50..+50N, graduations: 1N
- travel: 0...20mm, graduations: 0.01mm
- 4x 2.5N (hanger)
- 4x 2.5N 
- 16x 5N
Dimensions and Weight
l x w x h: 1400 x 400 x 750 mm (frame)
Weight: approx. 37 kg
Scope of Delivery
1 frame
5 beams  
4 supports
4 sets of weights 
3 dial gauges
1 storage system
1 set of instructional material
Order Details
020.95000  WP 950  Deformation of Straight Beams