Mutiara Nata Abadi  |  We work together, uniting our energy, and delivering the best solution
ET 450 Vehicle Air Conditioning
Education / GUNT Hamburg / Thermal Engineering and HVAC / Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Technology /

Vehicle air conditioning systems are used to cool down the vehicle interior. They usually work on the basis of the recirculating air principle and aspirate the air to be cooled from the interior. The cold air generated in the air conditioning system is transported by a fan into the vehicle interior.
  The refrigeration circuit to generate the cold air in the trainer ET 450 includes a compressor, a condenser with fan and an evaporator as air cooler with three-stage fan and expansion valve. All system components are typical elements used in vehicle technology. The air cooler with three-stage fan is e.g. equipped with typical air vents for the vehicle interior. This achieves a close proximity to practice. 
  The trainer operates with the 12VDC supply common in vehicles. Even the ignition lock function has been implemented to switch on the system. An electric motor drives the compressor via a V-belt and a magnetic coupling. The motor and thus the compressor is controlled freely in speed by a frequency converter to simulate the drive via the vehicle engine.  
  Important characteristic variables, such as pressure, temperature, flow rate and the power consumption of the compressor are displayed. As a particularity 8 connectable faults have been installed. The system is particularly suited for the training of motor mechanics. 
  The well-structured instructional material sets out the fundamentals and provides a step-by-step guide through the experiments.

Learning Objectives / Experiments

- Principle of operation, design and handling of a

  vehicle air conditioning system
- Detection of typical faults and repair of a faulty air

  conditioning system
  * simulation of 8 system faults
- Typical components of a refrigeration system
- Refrigeration circuit as thermodynamic cycle
  * log p-h diagram
  * determine the coefficient of performance and

    efficiency of the system
  * Determine the compressor pressure ratio


[1] Investigation of a typical vehicle air conditioning system for cooling the vehicle interior 
[2] Compression refrigeration system with compressor, condenser, filter/drier, expansion valve and evaporator

[3] Speed-controlled electric motor as compressor drive
[4] Condenser with fan 
[5] Evaporator as air cooler with three-stage fan
[6] Compressor drive via V-belt and magnetic coupling
[7] Simulation of 8 faults via buttons in the connectable box
[8] System is switched on via ignition lock
[9] Display of temperatures, pressures (refrigerant), flow rate (refrigerant), pick-up current, speed
[10] Refrigerant R134a, CFC-free
[11] Air conditioning system voltage supply: 12VDC

Technical Data

Electric motor
- rotary current motor
- speed adjustment via frequency converter:

- power: 4kW at 3000rpm 
Axial piston compressor
- refrigeration capacity: approx. 3kW at 3000rpm
Condenser: capacity: 6.6kW
Evaporator: capacity: 5.3kW


Measuring ranges
- temperature: 4x -100...100°C
- flow rate (R134a): 10...95L/h
- pressure: -1...9bar / -1...24bar
- speed: 0...3000rpm
- current: 0...10A

Dimensions and Weight
l x w x h: 800 x 1200 x 1300mm
Weight: approx. 120 kg
Required for Operation
400V, 50/60Hz, 3 phases or 230V, 60Hz, 3 phases
Scope of Delivery

1 trainer, filled with refrigerant
1 set of instructional material

Order Details

061.45000  ET 450  Vehicle Air Conditioning